Agriculture accounts for almost 35% of GDP, 81% of exports, and 85% of the labor force. Growth of productivity has been registered at an average of 8% for the last 7 years. Principal crops include coffee, pulses, oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, and vegetables. Exports are almost entirely agricultural commodities, with coffee as the largest foreign exchange earner, and its flower industry becoming a new source of revenue.

Manufacturing sector

Manufacturing sector employs around 7% of the total workforce. Employment by the sector grows at an annual rate of 5%. Although there is an increase in manufacturing output, there has been no comparable growth in manufactured exports and employment. The share of manufactured exports in total exports remained less than 13 percent while the GDP composition is around 22%.

Service Sector

The service sector has overtaken the agriculture in terms of GDP composition. It comprises of 43%. As an ever-growing sector, this sector employs around 8% of the total work force. Services considered strategic such as telecom, utility, and the air/sea transport sectors are only as strict public monopolies or through limited domestic private ownership.